> For any case of severate acute malnutrition with medical complication and/or without appetite
When a child suffering from severe acute malnutrition arrives at the hospital, he/she often shows infections, hepatic and intestinal insufficiency, or electrolyte imbalances (excess or insufficiency of elements such as sodium, potassium, calcium or even magnesium). A child with such complications is unable to tolerate usual levels of proteins, fats and sodium. Therefore, it is important to begin nutritional treatment by giving foods with low levels of proteins, fats and sodium, but rich in carbohydrates.
F-75 therapeutic milk should be used in therapeutic feeding centers under medical supervision, and must never be given directly to families.
> To treat Severe Acute Malnutrition – Phase 1
F-75 therapeutic milk was designed for the stabilisation phase of inpatients suffering from severe acute malnutrition, that is phase 1 of the treatment protocol drawn up by the World Health Organisation (WHO). That stabilisation phase consists in ensuring the rehydration of children and the treatment of their medical complications, while initiating refeeding.
With its caloric density of 75 kcal per 100 ml of reconstituted milk, F-75 is not intended to make children put on weight, and its use should be limited to phase 1 (on average, 3 days).
>>> In phase 2, the nutritional recovery phase, F-100 therapeutic milk is used (or a ready-to-use nutritional equivalent such as RUTF, depending on the child’s state of health).